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Page Title: Direction of Storage
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the  number  of  different  commodities.  In  a  sec- tion where one item fills the entire area, the sec- tion  should  be  stacked  to  its  capacity,  leaving  only enough space to “get at” it and permit access for fire  prevention  or  fire-fighting  purposes. CROSS AISLES.— Cross aisles are passage- ways at right angles to main aisles. At least two cross  aisles  are  needed  in  the  standard  warehouse section.  Where  possible,  cross  aisles  should  be  laid out  so  that  they  will  lead  directly  to  opposing doors of the warehouse. Most storage operations are carried on in the cross aisles. PERSONNEL AISLES.— Personnel aisles are those used as pedestrian routes only. Personnel aisles  should  be  held  to  a  minimum.  Too  many deprive you of valuable storage space and at the same  time  encourage  pilferage  since  they  are usually secluded. FIRE AISLES.— Fire aisles are necessary in every  depot  or  storage  activity,  but  should  be  kept to  a  minimum  in  number  and  width,  since  they waste   valuable   storage   space.   It   is   seldom necessary to have fire aisles wider than 24 inches. In many cases they can be eliminated by a simple change in the location of fire-fighting apparatus. Fire aisles must be adjacent to windows that can be  used  by  firemen  to  gain  entrance. SERVICE AISLES.— Services  aisles  are  nor- mally   used   for   only   special   commodities   of material. They provide access to the interiors of stacks  for  protective  processing,  inventory,  and inspection. Direction of Storage Use  of  the  fork  truck  and  pallet  system  makes direction of storage a significant factor in space use.  Selection  of  the  proper  direction  of  storage can  be  invaluable  in  providing  a  variety  of  bay sizes without increasing the number of working aisles. At the same time, such planning tends to spread  the  volume  of  traffic  equally  over  all  work- ing  aisles,  relieving  congestion.  This  concept  is illustrated  by  the  diagrams  in  figure  7-7  that develop layout in respect to direction of storage for a bay 80 square feet, a typical bay for large- lot storage in a standard warehouse. Using stan- dard 48- by 48-inch pallets, about 17 pallets can be  stored  in  each  direction. Single Item Stored Aisle to Aisle The  simplest  but  most  inflexible  disposition of storage space is storage of a single item aisle to aisle shown by part A of figure 7-7. This layout makes no provision for storage of small lot items, which  practically  every  warehouse  has. Miscellaneous Commodities Numerous  articles  are  shipped  in  bales  and consequently   should   be   stored   in   the   same manner.  Some  are  baled  even  and  solid;  others are irregular and slack. The size of the bale varies with the commodity. Be careful not to break the strapping.   One   broken   strap   on   tightly   com- pressed  bales  will  put  extra  strain  on  the  other straps and may cause the bale to break open. Firm bales can be palletized and piled as safely as cases. Slack  bales  that  cannot  be  palletized  should  be tiered and tied in with dunnage. Various commodities such as flour and sugar are  shipped  in  burlap  or  waterproof  paper  con- tainers.  Nails,  bolts,  or  sharp  edges  should  be eliminated in areas where bagged goods are to be stored. If these hazards cannot be removed, the bags should be protected with dunnage. If a bag is  broken,  it  should  be  plugged  with  a  piece  of paper  and  sewn. Bags  containing  perishables  or  “subject  to taint” commodities should be stored on clean, dry dunnage  or  pallets.  Use  separating  paper  with such commodities. Keep them away from odorous commodities—tarred   rope,   for   example. Figure 7-7.—Principles of working aisle arrangements. 7-20

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