is as smooth as possible. The Limo Driver must be intimately
familiar with the motorcades routes (primary and alternate),
locations of hospitals, safe havens, and any other information
pertinent to the movement.
(3) Follow Driver Responsible for driving the vehicle
directly behind the limo and primarily uses his/her vehicle to
screen and block traffic. The follow vehicle can also be used
as an evacuation platform in the event the limo is disabled.
Because the Follow Driver could assume the role of Limo Driver
at any time he/she must be equally as knowledgeable of all
motorcade routes and information.
(4) Shift Leader - While the PSA has overall supervision
and responsibility for the protective detail, the Shift Leader
has tactical control of the detail. The Shift Leader will
determine speed of vehicles (based on input from the Limo
Driver/PSA), the use of emergency equipment, the need for
blocking, and will direct the motorcade to take evasive actions
(5) Advance - The Advance is the eyes and ears of the
detail prior to the principal's arrival. He/she is responsible
for coordinating all security activities, plans and arrangements
prior to and in connection with the visit of a principal to a
given area. The Advance is also responsible for conducting a
site survey of destinations prior to the principal's arrival.
10. Protective Walking Formations.
a. Once the motorcade arrives at its destination some
members of the PSD may be required to dismount the vehicles and
escort the principal by foot. Walking formations are dependent
on the threat, the availability of personnel, the venue type
(secure vice unsecured), and the desires of the PSA/principal.
The proximity of protective personnel to the principal will vary
depending on the situation. If the principal is moving through
a crowd, protective personnel will be closer to the principal.
On the other hand, if the principal is in an open area with
little pedestrian traffic, protective personnel may need to
spread out. Generally, the PSA will always be within an arms
reach of the principal when traveling outside of a secured
location. The following are the basic types of walking