stands at attention; looks the senior straight in
the eye; and, depending upon the time of day,
extends one of the following greetings:
From first rising until noon: Good morning,
. . .
From noon until sunset: Good afternoon,
. . .
From sunset until turning in: Good evening,
. . .
Preferably, the junior should call the senior
by grade and name, such as Commander
Jones, rather than by the impersonal sir or
Naval custom permits saluting with the left
hand when you cannot render a salute with the
right hand. Army and Air Force custom permits
only right-hand salutes.
Avoid making the following common errors
Bowing the head when giving the salute.
Dropping the salute before it has been
Holding the arm awkwardly high or letting it
sag too low.
Saluting while on the double.
Avoiding the gaze of the person saluted.
Saluting with pipe, cigar, or cigarette in the
mouth or in the hand.
Waiting too long to begin a salute.
Saluting in a casual or perfunctory manner.
WHEN TO SALUTE
In the Navy, as in practically every military
service in the world, everybody salutesfrom the
bottom to the top of the ranks and down again.
Enlisted personnel salute all officers, and every
officer salutes seniors. All who are saluted return
the salute. When uncovered, the person saluted
usually acknowledges a salute by an appropriate
oral greeting or nod of the head. (See fig. 7-3.)
Extend salutes to officers of the Navy, Army,
Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard and
to foreign military officers whose governments are
formally recognized by the government of the
United States. When in uniform, extend salutes
to officers of the Naval, Army, Air Force, Marine
Corps, and Coast Guard Reserves and the
National Guard. Public Health Service and
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
officers also rate a salute when serving with the
armed forces of the United States.
When several officers in company are saluted,
all return the salute when the senior officer in
the company returns the salute accorded. For
example, if an ensign is walking with a
commander and an Army captain approaches, the
ensign waits for the Army captain to salute the
commander. As the commander returns the
salute, the ensign salutes simultaneously. If two
or more persons of various grades accompany the
senior officer, the same rule applies: they render
the salute when the senior officer returns the salute
Civilians entitled by reason of their position
to gun salutes or other honors also are entitled
by custom to the hand salute.
Five types of personal salutes are rendered:
hand salute; hand salute under arms; present
arms; sword salute; and eyes right, given by
personnel passing in review.
All officer and enlisted personnel on board a
ship of the Navy salute the following officers:
All flag officers (officers above the grade of
The commanding officer
Visiting officers senior to themselves on every
occasion of meeting, passing near, or being
On the first daily meeting, personnel salute all
senior officers attached to their ship. (Many ships
consider salutes rendered at quarters to suffice for
this first salute of the day.) They salute when
addressing or being addressed by seniors. They
also salute an inspecting officer during the course
of an official inspection. When the progress of
a senior officer may be impeded, all personnel
clear a path and stand at attention facing the
senior officer until he or she has passed.